1st IFAC Conference on Cyber-Physical&Human-Systems
7-9 December 2016, Florianopolis, Brazil

Meeting Scope and Objectives


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
The computer and internet revolution has dramatically widened the possibilities in control solutions for human needs. Cyber-physical systems (CPS) appeared as an evolution starting from embedded systems and then evolving to networked systems. CPS are now an ICT priority, and their relationship with humans represents a central aspect. Indeed, human relationships with highly automated and networked systems which have complex dynamics and complex controllers, or the design of complex control systems to assist humans, has become a topic of major importance with requirements to understand and progress. Advances in the related challenges require comprehensive study that in most cases can only be accomplished via multidisciplinary collaboration that needs to include specialists in cognition, ergonomics, social sciences, computer and control sciences, as well as many other experts.

From another point of view, Cyber-Physical Systems have strongly impacted society and have huge potential for new impacts and improvements in citizens' lives in the future. This is true in several application domains where control theory and technology have a central role. New healthcare technologies, new transportation services coupled with new concepts for improving the mobility of citizens, new energy delivery methods that empowers customers’ choice are some examples. Further new potential societal benefits from automation are yet to be precisely identified. The barriers in control that need to be circumvented to achieve these benefits need deep investigation. An example is the huge potential progress in robotic surgery as highlighted in the H-CPS-I event.

On the other hand, possible non-desirable effects need to be identified in parallel sufficiently far in advance such that investigation and proper actions can be made to avoid problems. Indeed, deeper ethical and philosophical discussions on what are the frontiers of technology/control and human interaction constitute a fundamental topic. What are the choices on which tasks/decisions only technology/control should do? What can (should) only be done/decided by a human being? We have talked about the Human-CPS systems and its benefits, but where only is the machine involved and which cases represent the domain for human concern only? Since the study of Cyber Physical System (of Systems) with Humans is large in scope, we consider as in  H-CPS-I 2014, the following four scenarios to structure the scientific topics: 
  1. Human-Machine Symbiosis (e.g. smart prosthetics);
  2. Humans as operators of complex engineering systems (e.g. aircraft pilots, car drivers, process plant operators and robotic surgery);
  3. Humans as agents in multi-agent systems (e.g. road automation, traffic management);
  4. Humans as elements in controlled systems (e.g., comfort control in homes).
The aim in CPHS 2016 is to consider the objectives above through multidisciplinary exchanges as in the previous event H-CPS-I 2014. Indeed, we believe that breaking the barriers between the different disciplines and application domains is essential to detect new open problems and to discuss the actual challenges to be overcome by scientific investigation.
The aim of the 1st IFAC Conference CPHS 2016 is then, by this approach, to exchange information on these topics that we consider of high importance for our now connected society.

Topics

In CPHS 2016, different application areas (healthcare, robotics, operation in hazardous environments, transport - ground (automotive, railway), air, space, etc) structured in the four scenarios described in the above text are considered. For this, and to identify the potential impact of control systems,  open and new solutions, or new theoretical developments to recent challenges, as well as the study of ethics, public policies and negative impacts that need to be considered and avoided by suitable actions, the topics will be considered within the framework of the above four scenarios, as follows:

1.    Human-Machine Symbiosis
  • Smart prosthetics
  • Neurostimulation
  • Exoskeletons
  • Biomedical implants
2.    Humans as operators of complex engineering systems
  • Aircraft control, Human-Machine interaction in aircraft
  • Automotive cooperated control (ADAS, etc)
  • Process plant operation
  • Robotic surgery
  • Spacecraft control
  • Control in hazardous environments
  • Automated or semi-automated trains
  • Remote operation of robotic teams e.g. in rescue scenarios
3.    Humans as agents in multi-agent systems
  • Intelligent road transportation
  • Next-generation air traffic management
  • Flexible manufacturing
  • Assistive robotics
  • Smart Grid and Demand Response
  • Urban mobility
4.    Humans as elements in controlled systems
  • Comfort control in homes
  • Smart cities
  • Rescue robotics
  • Assistive devices
  • Smart infrastructure
  • Connected buildings
And in all the above topics:
  • Semiautonomous and mixed-initiative systems
  • Shared control
  • Cognitive control
  • Decision-support for human operators
  • Recent theoretical developments impacting the open problems
  • Ethics and public policy
  • Potential impact and open problems
  • ...